The Hijra of India are probably the most well known and populous third sex type in the modern world. The Humsafar Trust estimates there are between 5 and 6 million hijras in India.. Often called eunuchs in English, they may be born intersex or apparently male, dress in feminine clothes and generally see themselves as neither men nor women.
the Moghuls ruled present-day India (1526-1858), hijras were revered as confidants and private guards in royal courts across the empire.
After the British seized control of the region, the political power of hijras dramatically decreased.
Since Indian independence, hijras have been limited to working mostly as performers, commercial sex workers and panhandlers. To confront these barriers, a pro-hijra movement has emerged and sought increased civil rights. In 1994, hijras gained their right to vote. Four years later, the first Indian transgender politician, Shabnam Mausi, was elected to serve in the Madhya Pradesh state legislative assembly.